Landscape Literacy

Summer Color in Your Garden: Perennial Vs. Annual

What is a perennial?

A perennial is a plant that lasts through many growing seasons. Usually the top of the plant dies off in the winter, but the strong root system allows it to come back in the spring.

Black Eyed Susan
– Plant in full sun
– Grows 12″-39″ tall
– Space 18″ apart
– Blooms late summer to early fall
Rudbeckia_Goldstrum_
Hosta
– Plant in shade or partial sun
– Grow 18″-30″ tall
– Space 24″-30″ apart
– Blooms June through October
Hosta June
Daylily
– Plant in full sun
– Grows 24″-36″ tall
– Space 10″-12″ apart
– Blooms late spring through fall
hemerocalis stella
Lavender
– Plant in full sun
– Grow 20″-24″ tall
– Space 2′-4′ apart
– Blooms June through September
lav hid
Ferns
– Plant in shade or sun light
– Grows 1′-3′ tall
– Space 2′-3′ apart
– Non-flowering plant
dryopteris

What is an annual?

An annual is a plant that only lasts for one growing season and needs to be replanted year after year.

Begonia
– Plant in full sun
– Grows 6″-8″ tall
– Space 10″ apart
– Blooms spring to frost
begonia-cocktail-vodka
Petunia
– Plant in full sun
– Grows 4″-12″ tall
– Space 18″-24″ apart
– Blooms throughout summer to fall
petunia-trailing-wave-beach-mix
Vinca
– Full sun
– Grow 14″-16″ tall
– Space 10″-12″ apart
– Blooms throughout summer
vinca-titan-lilac
Geranium
– Plant in full sun
– Grows 10″-12″ tall
– Space 12″-14″ apart
– Blooms early spring to frost
zonal-geranium-maestro-deep-lavender
Verbena
– Plant in full sun
– Grows 6″-12″ tall
– Space 10″-14″ apart
– Blooms summer until fall
verbena-lanai-lavender-star